Czech Technical University in Prague
Faculty of Civil Engineering

Department of Hydraulics and Hydrology
Hydraulics 141HYAE


Water as medium and natural resource, water in civil engineering. Physical properties of fluids/liquids. Hydrostatics - pressures, Pascal's law, hydrostatic forces, buoyancy force. Fundamentals of hydrodynamics - flow quantities, regimes and types of flow, hydraulic resistance, basic hydrodynamic equations. Flow in pressurized pipes - head loss due to friction and obstacles, simple hydraulic calculations. Pump-pipe systems. Flow in open channels - steady uniform flow, hydraulic design of open channel, subcritical, critical and supercritical flow, non-uniform flow and longitudinal profiles of water level, hydraulic jump. Hydraulics of structures - outflow from orifice, overflow on weirs and spillways, flow through bridge and culvert. Flow around obstacles, impact force of flows and jets, drag force. Measurement of discharge. Groundwater flow - types and effects, Darcy's law, seepage.